Uma Exploração de Comunidades Sustentáveis na América Latina.
Traditional or pre-industrial agriculture that seeks to maintain the natural structure and health of the soil, avoiding the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, or genetically modified seeds. Growing organically requires using biological resources to fertilize plants, control pests, etc, and common techniques include rotating crops over time, composting animal waste and plant materials, and use of cover crops.
On-site water management strategies including rainwater catchment and grey water systems (re-using water from the sink, shower, etc).
Enery obtained directly from the elements, including solar energy (photovoltaic panels, solar hot water and solar cooking), wind energy (windmills, turbines), and geothermic (hot water or gas that rises from inside the Earth).
Agro-Forestry is the creation of edible forests, mixing techniques in forestry, agriculture, permaculture, and raising animals to imitate the natural form and progression of a forest. A typical cultivated area is very diverse, consisting of complex plant guilds that produce a high yield of food and building materials while simultaneously improving soil conditions. Work and planning is intensive to implement, but is designed to require less and less labor as the system matures.
Construction that follows sustainable principles in design and practice including: using sustainably harvested, primary materials, using recycled materials, using human labor and biological resources over mechanical/chemical resources, designing for low energy needs, high durability, and low maintenance.
Organized educational activities to share concepts and techniques, including classes and workshops, events and formal study programs.
The care of and relationship with animals for food production, pest control, fertilization, transportation, etc. Can include fish, birds, cattle, chickens, pigs or horses
Permaculture is a system of design to create and maintain sustainable systems at a human scale (gardens and farms, ecovillages and towns). Sites/projects designed with a permaculture perspective aim to be environmentally sustainable, and equally important, socially just, and financially viable. Permaculture design is holistic, examining the whole system, trying to close resource or energy loops, and paying special attention to the relationships between parts/elements.